Developing discipline is a cornerstone of achieving success in various aspects of life, from professional endeavors to personal growth. Discipline is often defined as the ability to control one’s impulses, emotions, and behaviors to achieve long-term goals. It is a trait that underpins resilience, focus, and consistency—key ingredients for success. This article delves into strategies for developing discipline, supported by research and expert insights.

Understanding Discipline

Discipline is not about harsh self-restriction; it is about making choices that align with one’s long-term goals, even when those choices are difficult. According to Angela Duckworth, author of “Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance,” grit—a combination of passion and perseverance—is essential for success, and discipline is a significant component of grit.

“Enthusiasm is common. Endurance is rare”Angela Duckworth

This endurance, fueled by discipline, allows individuals to persist through challenges and setbacks.

Strategies for Developing Discipline

Set Clear Goals

Clearly defined goals provide direction and motivation. According to a study published in the journal Applied Psychology, setting specific, challenging goals leads to higher performance compared to vague or easy goals . Goals should be SMART—Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. This framework helps break down larger aspirations into manageable tasks, making it easier to maintain discipline.

Develop a Routine

Routine fosters discipline by creating structure and predictability. James Clear, author of “Atomic Habits,” emphasizes the power of small, consistent actions. He writes, “You do not rise to the level of your goals. You fall to the level of your systems” . Establishing a daily routine helps automate behaviors, reducing the mental effort required to maintain discipline.

Practice Self-Control

Self-control is a muscle that can be strengthened with practice. Research published in Psychological Science suggests that engaging in activities that require self-control, such as regular exercise or meditation, can improve overall self-discipline . Techniques such as mindfulness and cognitive behavioral strategies can help individuals manage impulses and stay focused on their goals.

Create Accountability

Accountability can significantly boost discipline. Sharing goals with friends, family, or colleagues, or even hiring a coach or mentor, can provide external motivation and support. A study in the American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine found that individuals who had accountability partners were more likely to stick to their health and fitness goals . Regular check-ins and progress reviews can help maintain momentum and address any challenges that arise.

Reward Yourself

Positive reinforcement encourages disciplined behavior. Celebrating small victories along the way to a larger goal helps maintain motivation and morale. According to behaviorist B.F. Skinner, positive reinforcement strengthens behavior by providing a rewarding consequence . These rewards do not need to be extravagant; simple acknowledgments of progress can be powerful motivators.

Learn from Failures

Discipline involves resilience in the face of setbacks. Viewing failures as learning opportunities rather than as reflections of one’s abilities can foster a growth mindset. Carol Dweck, a psychologist known for her work on mindset, notes that individuals with a growth mindset are more likely to persevere because they believe their abilities can be developed through effort and learning .

The Role of Discipline in Success

Discipline is a critical factor in achieving success across different fields. In business, disciplined leaders like Warren Buffet and Jeff Bezos attribute their success to consistent, focused effort and strategic decision-making. Buffet famously said, “The difference between successful people and really successful people is that really successful people say no to almost everything” . This ability to prioritize and stay disciplined is crucial.

In sports, athletes like Serena Williams and Michael Phelps demonstrate how disciplined training regimes and mental toughness lead to outstanding achievements. Williams once remarked, “I don’t like to lose—at anything—yet I’ve grown most not from victories, but setbacks” . This resilience and discipline in training and mindset have been key to her success.


Developing discipline is a continuous process that requires intentional effort and practice. By setting clear goals, establishing routines, practicing self-control, creating accountability, rewarding progress, and learning from failures, individuals can cultivate the discipline needed to achieve their aspirations. As the examples of successful individuals across various domains illustrate, discipline is an indispensable ingredient in the recipe for success.


  1. Duckworth, A. (2016). Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance. Scribner.
  2. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a Practically Useful Theory of Goal Setting and Task Motivation. American Psychologist, 57(9), 705-717.
  3. Clear, J. (2018). Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones. Avery.
  4. Baumeister, R. F., & Tierney, J. (2011). Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength. Penguin Books.
  5. Lutes, L. D., Daiss, S. R., Barger, S. D., Read, M., Steinbaugh, E., & Winett, R. A. (2012). Small Changes in Nutrition and Physical Activity Promote Weight Loss and Maintenance: 3-Month Evidence from the ASPIRE Randomized Trial. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 2(3), 304-314.
  6. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and Human Behavior. Free Press.
  7. Dweck, C. S. (2006). Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. Random House.
  8. Schroeder, A. (2008). The Snowball: Warren Buffett and the Business of Life. Bantam.
  9. Williams, S. (2017). Unstoppable: My Life So Far. Gallery Books.

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